Copolymerization of Ethylene and Polar Monomers Using Ni/IzQO Catalysts

W. Tao, R. Nakano, S. Ito, K. Nozaki*
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2016, 55, 2835–2839.  DOI: 10.1002/anie.201510077

Abstract: The replacement of precious metals in catalysis by earth-abundant metals is currently one of the urgent challenges for chemists. Whereas palladium-catalyzed copolymerization of ethylene and polar monomers is a valuable method for the straightforward synthesis of functionalized polyolefins, the corresponding nickel-based catalysts have suffered from poor thermal tolerance and low molecular weight of the polymers formed. Herein, we report a series of neutral nickel complexes bearing imidazo[1,5-a]quinolin-9-olate-1-ylidene (IzQO) ligands. The Ni/IzQO system can catalyze ethylene polymerization at 50–100 °C with reasonable activity in the absence of any cocatalyst, whereas most known nickel-based catalysts are deactivated at this temperature range. The Ni/IzQO catalyst was successfully applied to the copolymerization of ethylene with allyl monomers to obtain the corresponding copolymers with the highest molecular weight reported for a Ni-catalyzed system.

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